I have created this section to give you knowledge on how to correctly determine your skin type. Working as an esthetician for over 13 years there were many times when I treated clients who had misdiagnosed their skin and damaged it by using the wrong skin care products.
Many clients believe they have oily skin because they breakout occasionally. This leads them to use products that are oil free and contain harsh chemicals like alcohol and witch hazel. Unfortunately, oil free products dry up the skin’s natural lipid barrier and disrupts normal sebum production. We all need a certain amount of oil in our skin for our skin to function properly, when we dry it up with harsh skin care products in an attempt to clear up blemishes, the skin starts to over compensate by producing more oil than before. Furthermore, this causes more breakouts and in most cases dehydration. The breakouts occur due to the skin secreting an excess of oil because it’s trying to cure the dehydration. As a result, the skin is now covered in a thick waxy substance which makes your skin look oily and gives it a shine all day.
So now that you know the damage that can be caused from misdiagnosed skin, keep reading to find out what skin type you are!
Skin Types how to determine yours
Use this guide to help you determine which skin type you have. Once you have that down, you will be able to choose skin care products that are best suited for your needs. Comment below with any questions, I’m happy to help get you on the right track!
Normal skin is pretty self explanatory. It is not dry nor excessively oily, but rather plump and well hydrated. Normal skin types rarely feel they need to use cleansers, toners or moisturizers. It has a healthy glow and color and the skin is very resilient to the touch. Individuals with normal skin TYPES can still have CONDITIONS such as pigmentation, fine lines, and possibly dehydration in their more mature years if not taken care of properly. Therefore, the best products to use for normal skin are a light creamy cleanser, floral hydrosol and an oil-free moisturizer.
Dry skin never feels adequately moisturized. Often times it will have dry, flaky, itchy spots on the skin. If looked at very closely in a magnified mirror the skin will show white lines/marks normally on the cheek area. Dry skin is very thin, delicate and lacks normal oil gland activity. Oil is the ‘glue’ that holds the moisture in our skin. In dry skin, the pores are almost invisible. The skin tends to wrinkle easily and is filled with many fine lines as it matures. The best products for dry skin are a rich creamy cleanser, oil based serums, a hyaluronic serum and moisturizing balms made with butters such as shea, avocado, and mango.
This skin type is shiny, thick, firm to the touch and the pores are very visible due to overactive oil glands. Oily skin could be the most desirable skin to have because it delays wrinkles by providing cells with ample moisture to produce more cells, but if not taken care of properly, it could be very troublesome causing frequent breakouts and may look dirty and neglected. Often people with oily skin treat it with harsh soaps, toners containing alcohol and do not use moisturizers. This results in the skin developing more oil because it is trying to compensate for feeling dried out, which in turn will cause more breakouts and give the skin more of a shine. Using the correct skin care products will make having oily skin a blessing not a curse! For oily skin, use a creamy cleanser, light toner and light moisturizer. It is ok for the moisturizer to contain some oil, but you do not want it to be greasy feeling. Many misconceptions about using a creamy cleanser have made it too common for oily skin types to skip on them. But, here the law of attraction is in full effect. Oil attracts oil. When using a cleanser containing oils, it will attract excess on your skin like a magnet, therefore when you wash it off, you are washing off any oily residue.
Combination skin is a mix of oily skin and dry skin. It can be very frustrating because the products are either too oil free which dries out the cheek and chin areas, whereas other products that are made for the dry areas are too oily for the nose area. It is important to test out which products will help balance your skin. With this particular skin type, I tend to go for creamy cleansers, light toner and a light moisturizer to help balance the skin.
I hope you found this guide useful. If you have any questions or need more help comment below!
For a fun video on skin facts, check it out here!